| Through observing the clinical effects of electroacupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) on functional bowel disorders (constipation and diarrhea), to explore two-way adjustment mechanism of acupuncture in treating functional bowel disorders, and to expand application scope, as well as provide effective clinical references for acupuncture combined with acupoints treatment. Methods:A total of 132 cases meeting the inclusion criteria of functional bowel disease (constipation type 72 cases, diarrhea type 60 cases) who were admitted in our hospital from August 2013 to December 2015 were included and divided into 4 groups, respectively for constipation EA group (36 cases), constipation drug group (36 cases), diarrhea EA group (30 cases), diarrhea drug group (30 cases). Two electroacupuncture groups adopted acupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) with 20 Hz current and continuous wave stimulation for 30 minutes. 5 times treatment in 1st and 2nd week, and 3 times treatment in 3rd and 4th week. Four weeks was considered as one treatment course including 16 times treatment. The diarrhea drug group had Loperamide Hydrochlo-ride Capsules, 2 mg/time, 3次/d, for 4 weeks continuously. The constipation drug group had pills of Mosapride, 5 mg/time, 3次/d, for 4 weeks continuously. Defecation frequency per week, stool characteristics score, mental state assessment (SAS, SDS) before treatment, end of 2 weeks' treatment, after treatment, 1 month follow-up after treatment were recorded, statisticed and analyzed. Results:After treatment, the number of defecation frequency per week, stool characteristics score, mental state assessment (SAS, SDS) of the two EA groups were significantly improved, and the difference was statistically significant (P<001). Compared with follow-up of 4 weeks and 4 weeks treatment, there was no statistical significance (P>005), but compared with before treatment, it still had statistically significant difference (P<001). Compared between groups, the difference has no statistical significance in curative effects of electric acupuncture group and drug treatment group (P>005). Conclusion:Electro-acupuncturing at Quchi (LI 11) and Shangjuxu (ST 37) acupoints was effective on regulating bidirectionally functional bowel disorders, and the effect was certainly persistent.