世界中医药
文章摘要
引用本文:张一1,倪青2.糖尿病营卫失调机制及桂枝汤降糖应用新探[J].世界中医药,2021,(05):.  
糖尿病营卫失调机制及桂枝汤降糖应用新探
Investigation of the Mechanism of Disharmony between Nutrient Qi and Defensive Qi Contributing to Diabetes and the Application of Guizhi Decoction in Lowering Blood Sugar
投稿时间:2021-01-20  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-7202.2021.05.010
中文关键词:  营卫失调  营气证  卫气证  糖尿病  桂枝汤  现代药理研究  临床研究  名医经验
English Keywords:Disharmony between nutrient qi and defensive qi  Nutrient qi syndrome  Defensive qi syndrome  Diabetes mellitus  Guizhi Decoction  Modern pharmacological research  Clinical research  Experience of famous doctor
基金项目:首都卫生发展科研专项项目(首发2016-1-4151)
作者单位
张一1,倪青2 1 北京中医药大学北京100029 2 中国中医科学院广安门医院内分泌科北京100053 
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中文摘要:
      糖尿病的发生与营卫失调密切相关,其病机从营气论治可结合血虚、血瘀、血浊、血毒等方面,从卫气论治可结合外感、肥胖、消瘦、久坐等方面。桂枝汤作为“仲景群方之魁”,专治营卫失调之病证。结合现代药物药理及临床研究,桂枝汤具有体温双向调节,降血糖,抗炎、抗菌、抗病毒,促汗腺分泌,保护心血管、改善心功能,调节胃肠蠕动等功能。关于糖尿病营卫失调相关疾病,如糖尿病合并外感、糖尿病泌汗功能异常、糖尿病心脏自主神经病变及糖尿病胃肠功能紊乱亦可应用桂枝汤进行治疗。
English Summary:
      The occurrence of diabetes is closely related to the imbalance of nutrient qi(ying)and defensive qi(wei).The pathogenesis of diabetes can be explained as a combination of blood deficiency,blood stasis,blood turbidity and blood toxin from ying qi,and of exogenous,obesity,emaciation and sedentary from wei qi.Guizhi Decoction,as “the chief of Zhongjing's prescription”,is specialized in treating diseases and syndromes of disharmony between nutrient qi and defensive qi.Combined modern pharmaceutical pharmacology with clinical research,Guizhi Decoction has the functions of two-way regulation of body temperature,hypoglycemia,anti-inflammatory,antibacterial,anti-virus,promoting sweat gland secretion,protecting cardiovascular system,improving cardiac function,regulating gastrointestinal peristalsis,etc.Guizhi Decoction can also be used in the treatment of diabetes related diseases with syndromes of disharmony between nutrient qi and defensive qi,such as diabetes with exogenous pathogens,diabetes with abnormal sweating function,diabetes with cardiac autonomic neuropathy and diabetes with gastrointestinal dysfunction.
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