世界中医药
文章摘要
引用本文:李青峰1,2,李晓轩1,2,胡汉琼1,2,高哈斯宝力高3,包英姝4,敖日格乐5,蔡明阳1,2,乌吉斯古冷3,张小敏1,2,乌兰其其格6,佟海英1,2.4 524例使用蒙药安神补心六味丸住院患者的回顾性分析[J].世界中医药,2024,(07):.  
4 524例使用蒙药安神补心六味丸住院患者的回顾性分析
Retrospective Analysis of 4 524 Inpatients Using Mongolian Medicine Anshen Buxin Liuwei Pill
投稿时间:2023-06-30  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-7202.2024.07.022
中文关键词:  蒙药  安神补心六味丸  回顾性分析  临床适应病证  临床定位
English Keywords:Mongolian Medicine  Anshen Buxin Liuwei Pill  Retrospective Analysis  Clinical Indications  Clinical Positioning
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFC1708200,2018YFC1708206),内蒙古自治区科技重大专项(2019ZD004)
作者单位
李青峰1,2,李晓轩1,2,胡汉琼1,2,高哈斯宝力高3,包英姝4,敖日格乐5,蔡明阳1,2,乌吉斯古冷3,张小敏1,2,乌兰其其格6,佟海英1,2 1 北京中医药大学中医学院北京102488 2 北京中医药大学民族医药学研究所北京102488 3 内蒙古自治区国际蒙医医院呼和浩特010065 4 锡林郭勒盟蒙医医院锡林浩特026000 5 呼和浩特市蒙医中医医院呼和浩特010010 6 内蒙古医科大学呼和浩特010110 
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中文摘要:
      目的:通过收集使用安神补心六味丸(吉茹和-6)住院患者的病历资料,初选本方的临床适应病证并局限治疗范围,为其精准临床定位提供依据。方法:通过内蒙古自治区国际蒙医医院、锡林郭勒盟蒙医医院、呼和浩特市蒙医中医医院等3家医院信息管理系统(HIS),遴选2015年1月1日至2019年12月31日使用过安神补心六味丸所有住院患者的基本信息、诊断信息和用药信息,对收集到的所有信息进行整理和清洗,采用Microsoft Excel 2019做描述性分析,IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0做关联规则分析。结果:共收集5 796份病历,通过数据规范化清洗整理后,最终符合标准的病历数为4 524份,其中男性41.95%,女性58.05%;年龄40岁以上占90%以上,以51~70岁居多;主治病种为脑梗死、高血压、冠心病等;主治症状为头晕、头痛、气短、胸闷、心悸等;主治证型有赫依偏盛、希拉偏衰、血偏衰等;以早晚用药为主,常与珍宝丸联用;关联规则分析结果表明,最常合并使用2种蒙成药组合为珍宝丸和檀香三味汤。结论:安神补心六味丸临床适应证为头晕、头痛、气短和胸闷,西医治疗优势病种为心脑血管病合并精神心理障碍,蒙医治疗优势病种为赫依(蒙语,类似于气)偏盛伴希拉紊乱的心赫依病,具有“双心同调”与“心脑同治”的治疗优势。
English Summary:
      By collecting and analyzing medical records of hospitalized patients who have used Anshen Buxin Liuwei Pill(Jiruhe-6),we will preliminarily select the clinical indications and limit the scope of treatment for precise clinical positioning.Methods:The hospital information systems(HIS systems) of three hospitals,namely International Mongolian Hospital of Inner Mongolia,Xilingol League Mongolian Medical Hospital,and Hohhot Mongolian Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital,were used to select the basic information,diagnostic data,and medication records of all hospitalized patients who used Anshen Buxin Liuwei Pill from January 1,2015,to December 31,2019.The collected information was organized and cleaned,and descriptive analysis was performed using Microsoft Excel 2019.Association rule analysis was conducted using IBM SPSS Modeler 18.0.Results:A total of 5 796 medical records were collected,with 4 524 records meeting the standardization criteria after data cleaning.Among them,41.95% were male and 58.05% were female.Patients aged 40 and above accounted more than 90%,with the majority falling in the 51 to 70 age range.The main diseases treated were cerebral infarction,hypertension,and coronary heart disease.The main symptoms treated included dizziness,headache,shortness of breath,chest tightness,and palpitations.The primary syndromes included excessive He-Yi pattern,deficient Xi-La pattern,and deficient Blood pattern.The medication was mainly taken in the morning and evening,and was often used in combination with Zhenbao Pill.The results of association rule analysis showed that the most common combination of two Mongolian medicines was Zhenbao Pill and Tanxiang Sanwei Decoction.Conclusion:The clinical indications of Anshen Buxin Liuwei pill include dizziness,headache,shortness of breath,and chest tightness.The advantageous Western medical conditions for treatment are cardiovascular diseases combined with mental and psychological disorders,while the advantageous Mongolian medical conditions are He-Yi pattern(a Mongolian term similar to Qi) with Xila disorder in heart-Heyi disease,demonstrating the treatment advantages of “harmonizing both the heart and the heart” and “treating the heart and the brain simultaneously”.
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